Dr. Divya Yadav, Dr. Manisha Nijhawan, Dr. Shivi Nijhawan and Dr. Akshay Goyal
Background: Any genital dermatoses in a sexually active female are first considered to be venereal dermatoses. Venereal diseases are the primary concern of the affected patient and are associated with mental distress and guilt. Because of the associated embarrassment and psychological sequelae, women do not seek medical care; thus, it is crucial to have proper knowledge of various non-venereal dermatoses and their varied presentations.
Method: It was a observational study which included a total of 170 patients attended Dermatology department over a period of 18 months from January 2020 to June 2021. Cases having any venereal diseases were excluded from the study. Scabies and dermatophytic infections were excluded.
Result: The incidence of non-venreal dermatoses among female patients attending OPD is not common. Most common age group affected was between 18 to 30 years which is reproductive age group. These are broadly divided into different categories like Inflammatory, Autoimmune, Multisystem diseases, Exogenous, Benign and malignant neoplasms. Most common dermatoses observed were Candidosis (32 cases) and Pemphigus vulgaris (12 cases).
Conclusion: Non venereal genital dermatoses are more prevalent among reproductively active females and has more or less uniform clinical pattern across the country. Maximum number of dermatoses in females are benign and require no aggressive therapeutic approach. This study was helpful in knowing the clinical pattern and management of different non-venereal genital dermatoses and distinguishing them from venereal dermatoses which helps in reducing guilt among the patients.
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